auditing assertions list

For example, companies may allocate depreciation to different business areas. During this process, companies use assertions to support the preparation process. Rather than using an inefficient approach—let’s audit everything—the auditor pinpoints audit procedures.

Assertions are claims that establish whether or not financial statements are true and fairly represented in the process of auditing. Sufficient and appropriate disclosures have been made on related transactions, events and account balances. In the audit of inventory, we usually focus more on existence and valuation. This is due to we concern more about whether the inventory auditing assertions list does actually exist; and that it has been properly valued in accordance with applicable accounting standards. The audit process is inevitably a very important process during the financial year of the company. It is considered to be crucial from the perspective of the stakeholders, as well as for internal validation of the company, that everything is up to the mark.

Audit Procedures and Sampling

Auditors use numerous audit assertions when examining a company’s financial statements. Lasse, auditors have the option to test controls if they are designed appropriately and they are in use. And the test of controls is required if control risk is assessed at less than high.

  • Audit procedures are the methods that auditors use for obtaining audit evidence to form a basis for their opinion on financial statements.
  • Auditors must remain vigilant for management bias and the risk of fraud.
  • Auditors use numerous audit assertions when examining a company’s financial statements.
  • It is the third assertion type that can fall under both transaction-level assertions and account balance assertions.
  • Isaac specializes in and has conducted numerous SOC 1 and SOC 2 examinations for a variety of companies—from startups to Fortune 100 companies.
  • The claims which indicate the true and fair representation of the financial statements are called assertions.

The consideration of management assertions during the various stages of audit helps to reduce the audit risk. The occurrence assertion is used to determine whether the transactions recorded on financial statements have taken place. This can range from verifying that a bank deposit has been completed to authenticating accounts receivable balances by determining whether a sale took place on the day specified.

What Are Financial Statement Assertions?

An auditor’s primary job is to examine a company’s financial statements. As mentioned, they do so to conclude whether those statements are free from material misstatements. Risk of material misstatement is the result of inherent risk and control risk. Auditors often assess control risk at high because they don’t plan to test for control effectiveness.

Year-end audits are time-consuming and cumbersome in nature, and therefore it requires the auditor to ensure that proper planning is undertaken in order to ensure that the process is executed in a smooth manner. The process of audit planning comprises a couple of different processes. Audit assertions form to be the basis of the entire audit planning and procedural phase.


The concept is primarily used in regard to the audit of a company’s financial statements, where the auditors rely upon a variety of assertions regarding the business. The auditors test the validity of these assertions by conducting a number of audit tests. Inquiry is the process of asking the clients for an explanation of the process or transactions related to financial statements. This type of audit procedure usually involves collecting verbal evidence.

Management assertions and audit assertions are related concepts, but they are not the same thing. In this article, we will discuss the nature and the usage of each assertion as well as how important it is for management and auditors. At the end of this article, you can also see the summary of all assertions and their usages. Candidates should ensure that they know the assertions and can explain what they mean.

This concerns whether all the disclosures and appropriate information other than that presented in the company’s financial statements are fairly represented and easy to understand. The nature of related party transactions, balances and events has been clearly disclosed in the notes of financial statements. Users of the financial statements can clearly determine the financial statement captions affected by the related party transactions and balances and can easily ascertain their financial effect. All transactions, balances, events and other matters that should have been disclosed have been disclosed in the financial statements.

Your financial statements are your promise or your assertion that everything contained in those statements is accurate. Unless you’re an auditor or CPA, you’ll never have to worry about testing audit assertions, and if you continue to enter financial transactions accurately, you won’t have much to worry about during the audit process. Assertions are characteristics that need to be tested to ensure that financial records and disclosures are correct and appropriate. If assertions are all met for relevant transactions or balances, financial statements are appropriately recorded. The audit assertions can provide us the clues on the potential misstatements that might occur on financial statements.